میزان تأثیرات تهدیدهای سایبری بر یکدیگر در پروژه‌های فناوری اطلاعات با رویکرد نقشه شناختی فازی

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استادیار، گروه مهندسی صنایع، دانشکده فنی و مهندسی شرق، دانشگاه گیلان

2 دانشجوی کارشناسی ارشد، گروه مهندسی صنایع، دانشکده فنی فومن، دانشگاه تهران، فومن، ایران

چکیده

عدم تطابق زمان و هزینه ازجمله مهم‌ترین دلایل شکست پروژه­های فناوری اطلاعات، محسوب می‌شوند؛ اما باید در نظر داشت که غفلت از مباحث امنیتی مخصوصاً در پروژه‌هایی با ماهیت کار با داده و اطلاعات کامپیوتری می‌تواند خساراتی جبران‌ناپذیر به سازمان پروژه وارد نماید. در این میان، شناخت عواملی که می‌توانند یک پروژه فناوری اطلاعات را در فضای سایبری مورد تهدید قرار دهند و شناخت میزان اثرگذاری و اثرپذیری هر یک از این عوامل بر یکدیگر از اهمیت بالایی برخوردار است. درواقع مدیر پروژه با آگاهی از میزان تأثیرگذاری معیارها، می‌تواند در تصمیم‌گیری جهت پیشگیری از وقوع این تهدیدات به‌صورت کارآمدتر عمل نماید. در این پژوهش، با استفاده از مرور ادبیات، تجزیه‌وتحلیل نظرات و استفاده از نظر متخصصین، عوامل اصلی که می‌توانند یک پروژه فناوری اطلاعات را در فضای سایبری مورد تهدید قرار دهند، شناسایی می­شود. در گام بعد تعدادی از این تهدیدات با استفاده از آزمون فریدمن حذف شده و 6 تهدید مهم‌تر از دید خبرگان باقی می‌ماند. سپس با استفاده از روش تحلیل سلسله مراتبی (AHP) وزن آن‌ها به‌دست‌آمده و درنهایت تأثیرات هر یک از این عوامل بر یکدیگر با استفاده از روش نقشه شناختی فازی (FCM) مشخص می­گردد. بر اساس نتایج به‌دست‌آمده، عدم استفاده از سامانه‌های رمزگذاری و احراز هویت مناسب، تأثیرگذارترین و جاسوسی سایبری تأثیرپذیرترین این عوامل می­باشند.

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