ارتباطات زیرآبی پنهان و امن مبتنی بر سوت دلفین و درخت مرکل

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

دانشکده مهندسی برق، دانشگاه علم و صنعت ایران

چکیده

شرایط و چالش‌های منحصر به فرد موجود در کانال‌های زیرآبی موجب می‌شود تا ارتباطات در این محیط در مقابل حملات بدخواهانه بسیار آسیب‌پذیر باشند. لذا در سال‌های اخیر استفاده از سیگنال‌های زیستی مانند سوت دلفین به منظور ایجاد ارتباطات پنهان و همچین به منظور استفاده از خواص فرکانسی بسیار مناسب این سیگنال‌ها در زیر آب، پیشنهاد شده است. اما در این روش نیز نمی‌توان به ارتباطات امن کامل در محیط زیر آب رسید، زیرا این سیگنال‌های در همه آب‌ها موجود نبوده و یا در حالتی بدتر، ممکن است دشمن به تجهیزاتی مجهز باشد که به هر طریقی قادر به آشکارسازی این سیگنال‌ها در زیر آب باشد. لذا در این مقاله، روشی مبتنی بر درخت مرکل به هدف فراهم نمودن ارتباطی امن در همه حالت‌ها متناسب با ویژگی‌های محیط زیرآبی ارائه می‌شود تا در مقابل حملات ممکن در این محیط از جمله حمله بازپخش، حمله ارسال پیام‌های جعلی، حمله تحلیل پیام و حمله اصلاح پیام مقاوم باشد. تحلیل‌های امنیتی، نشان می‌دهند که روش ارائه شده در این مقاله در برابر همه حملات ذکر شده امن کامل بوده و سه شرط مهم تصدیق صحت، محرمانگی و بی‌عیبی پیام را برآورده می‌سازد. همچنین در بخش ارزیابی عملکرد این روش ثابت می‌شود که روش ارائه شده با توجه به محدودیت‌های محیط زیرآب، بسیار مناسب بوده و نسبت روش‌های سنتی رمزنگاری، عملکرد بهینه‌تری را در دو مولفه سربار مخابراتی و هزینه‌های محاسباتی از خود به جای می‌گذارد.

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