ارائه الگوریتم ردگیری هدف در شبکه های حسگر بی‌سیم با رعایت بهینگی مصرف توان با استفاده از کوانتیزاسیون مشاهدات

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشگاه جامع امام حسین(ع)

2 جامع امام حسین(ع)

چکیده

روش‌های متوسط اجماعی به دلیل تحمل‌پذیری خطای بالا، دقت ردگیری و مقیاس‌پذیری مناسب از متداول‌ترین روش‌های ردگیری در شبکه‌های حسگر بی‌سیم هستند. اما این روش‌ها به علت ایجاد سربار مخابراتی بالا، بهره‌وری انرژی و پهنای باند مناسبی را در این شبکه‌ها ندارند. الگوریتم ردگیری پیشنهادی با استفاده از خوشه‌بندی پویا (بر مبنای باند کرامر- رائوپسین) و کوانتیزاسیون وفقی مشاهدات، تعداد حسگرهای درگیر و سربار اطلاعاتی تبادل شده شبکه را کاهش می‌دهد. از سوی دیگر الگوریتم مذکور از ترکیب روش چندجانبه و فیلتر ذره‌ای برای ردگیری هدف بر اساس اطلاعات کوانتیزه دریافتی بهره می‌جوید. این موضوع باعث شده است که در عین کاهش دقت مشاهدات ارسالی به میزان 50 درصد (4 بیت)، خطای ردگیری فقط 10 درصد نسبت به الگوریتمی که در آن از کوانتیزاسیون استفاده نشده است بالاتر باشد.

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